The Pentagon revealed that China was deploying new military and nuclear capabilities in the face of growing advances in US and Russia. India’s nuclear force is also a major reason behind China’s steps towards modernizing its nuclear force.
In a report to the US Congress, the Pentagon Report revealed that China was deploying new command and control systems and communication capabilities to its nuclear defence forces to control multiple-units In the field. The new technologies are being set up with an aim to counter the US and other countries’ ballistic missile defence system including manoeuvrable re-entry vehicles (MaRVs), MIRVs, decoys, chaff, jamming, and thermal shielding.
China has also increased its troop along Indian border and is setting up military bases in various parts of the world, particularly with its longstanding friend Pakistan. Pakistan remains China’s major market for conventional weapons. China is involved in both arms sales and defense industrial cooperation with Pakistan, including LY-80 surface-to-air missile systems, main battle tank production, air-to-air missiles, and anti-ship cruise missiles.
The Pentagon report said that despite India-China’s strengthening political-economic relationship, “tensions remain along disputed portions of the Sino-Indian border, where both sides patrol with armed forces.” After a five-day military standoff in September 2015, at Burtse in Northern Ladakh, China and India held had agreed to maintain peace, and retreated to mutually acceptable positions to both sides.
With the emerging military might of China and its growing economic dominance in the world, it will be interesting to see how the major powers of the world will respond. If a tit-for-tat strategy is adopted then the world is slowly moving towards another era of arm’s race.