JNU Student Union president Kanhaiya Kumar was sent in Police custody for 15 more days after The Delhi High Court adjourned his bail plea hearing for February 29.
The Delhi High Court accepted argument provided by Aditional solicitor general Tushar Mehta and rejected Kanhaiya Kumar’s request.
“After yesterday’s development, two of the accused have surrendered and are in safe custody. Their remand is yet to be taken. In the backdrop of the new development and as per our statutory right of 15 days police custody of an accused, we will be seeking remand of Kanhaiya Kumar to confront him with Umar Khalid and Anirban Bhattacharya,” said Aditional solicitor general Tushar Mehta.
Senior advocate Kapil Sibal was representing Kanhaiya Kumar. Kapil Sibal said Kanhaiya Kumar should be granted bail since there is no evidence against Kanhaiya Kumar as per the status report filed by Delhi Police.
Contrary to previous trends Prime Minister Narendra Modi has declined to receive an honorary doctorate from Banaras Hindu University. Modi is not in favour of personal glorification and in past he declined such offers in past also.
BHU, in a statement, had said it proposed to confer Doctor of Laws (LLD) (honoris causa) on Modi in recognition of his “yeoman services as an innovator, reformer and an outstanding leader in public service and governance”.
Prime Minister Narendra Modi is visiting Modi will be visiting BHU on February 22 to attend its convocation.
Former Prime minister Dr. Manmohan Singh received honorary degrees from various national and international Universities. Former Prime Minister Dr. Manmohan Singh received Honorary Doctor of Law degree from the University of Alberta in 1997.The University of Oxford, Benaras Hindu University,University of Madras,King Saud University and the University of Cambridge also awarded such degrees to him.
American warplanes hit an ISIS camp in in the al-Qasser district in Libya and killed 49 terrorists .This camp was center of advanced training. This information was provided by White House Press Secretary Josh Earnest.
Dreaded terrorist Noureddine Chouchane is believed to be killed in the fatal airstrike Noureddine Chouchane is the mastermind of two terrorist attacks in Tunisia carried out last year.
According to sources more than 60 people were inside the camp and attending the advanced training in the camp. So death toll could rise.
India will establish a state-of-the-art gravitational wave observatory with the help of US. Union cabinet approved a proposal regarding this. Laser Interferometer Gravitational-wave Observatory (LIGO) in the U.S will provide support in this endeavor.
This is a great news for scientists working in the area of gravitational-wave astronomy.
Department of Atomic Energy and Department of Science and Technology (DST) will handle the project with the help of LIGO Laboratory based in US.
What is LIGO?
The Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory (LIGO) is used to study gravitational waves by scientists. It was founded in 1992 by eminent scientists from Caltech and MIT University in US and many other colleges and universities.
900 scientists and 44000 active volunteers worldwide involved in LIGO project managed by LIGO Scientific collaboration.
Saudi Arabia Defence ministry has proposed to send its army to Syria against ISIS if coalition agrees. Saudi Arabia’s military spokesman Brigadier General Ahmed al-Asiri during said this to al-Arabiya TV news during an interview.
“The kingdom is ready to participate in any ground operations that the coalition (against Isis) may agree to carry out in Syria,” said military spokesman Brigadier General Ahmed al-Asiri during an interview with al-Arabiya TV news.
According to a report published in the Guardian Newspaper Saudi Arabia and Turkey can work together to fight ISIS. Saudi Arabia and Turkey set up a military coordination body a few weeks ago.
U.S. Defense Secretary Ash Carter welcomed on Thursday a Saudi offer to participate in any ground operations. “That kind of news is very welcome,” he told reporters while on a visit to Nellis Air Force Base in Nevada.
According to a news report by PTI, Union Minister of Food and Public Distribution Ram Vilas Paswan demanded reservation for the backward classes in the private sector jobs. According to Paswan this will improve the condition of Dalits in the country.
Ram Vilas Paswan was speaking to reporters in Kolkata after attending a party programme.
“We demand that there should be a law which enables there should be reservation for backward classes, SCs and STs in the private sector jobs too. We see that even after so many years of independence the condition of Dalits in the country is still very bad,”- Ram Vilas Paswan
Reservation in Private sector is not a new demand. The UP government introduced voluntary reservation for backward classes in the private sector in 2007.As per this policy private firms that introduce 30 per cent reservation in their establishments will be provided tax benefits.
After five years of negotiation,12 Nations The Trans Pacific Partnership in Auckland despite oppositions from several quarters. Share of TTP partner nations’ in world economy is around 40%.Due to this fact this deal is going to be one of the biggest multinational trade deal.
TTP Members have 2 years to ratify or reject the pact. This deal will facilitate trade among the member’s nation and
The TPP involves the US, Japan, Malaysia, Vietnam, Singapore, Brunei, Australia, New Zealand, Canada, Mexico, Chile and Peru.
US President Barack Obama said “Partnership would give the United States an advantage over other leading economies, namely China,”
He further said “TPP allows America – and not countries like China – to write the rules of the road in the 21st Century, which is especially important in a region as dynamic as the Asia-Pacific,”
US economy is going to receive approximately $100bn (£68.5bn) per year and that is goig to play vital role in US growth.
According to a report published in Iran’s President Hassan Rouhani said that Iran is not in the super power race in the region but Iran would punish any country trying to harm Iran’s national interests. He did not mention any country.
“If any country seeks to deal a blow to our national interests, we will respond. However, we hope it doesn’t get there,” he said in an interview with the Islamic Republic of Iran Broadcasting (IRIB) on Tuesday night.
In a subtle warning to Saudi Arabia Rouhani further said “If needed, we will respond decisively to certain behaviors of some countries. If necessary, we will give a punishing response to the opposite side,”
“We are looking to a region which is proud and powerful. We would like all regional countries, especially our neighbors and the regional Muslims, to live together in peace and work toward development and prosperity.”
“Our aim is to help the regional countries get rid of their problems in the face of terrorists. We regard combating terrorists as one the prerequisites of stability in the region,” Rouhani said.
“Unfortunately, certain countries, whether knowingly or unknowingly, are helping terrorism. We want territorial integrity of all the regional countries to be protected and no disintegration to take place.”
Now Vodafone’s 4G services will be available in Delhj and NCR.Vodafone will roll out 4G services in a phased manner. Vodafone is using robust 1800 MHz band for it’s sate of the art 4G services.
“We are delighted to launch our high-speed 4G services in Delhi and NCR for our customers to experience the most advanced wireless broadband experience available across the globe today.” – Naveen Chopra, chief operating officer, Vodafone India.
One can also access 4G using 4G Mobile Wi-Fi that supports connectivity for up to 10 devices. Vodafone 4G packs ranging from a trial pack of 35 MB at Rs 11 to a bonanza pack of 20 GB at Rs 2,499.
3 months 3 months access to free TV, movies & music, 100+ Live TV channels on Vodafone Play will be offered as part of the 4G services. Apart from this premium video-on-demand service with over 35,000 hours of Hollywood blockbusters will also be the part of the 4G package.
It seems people are taking PM Modi’s ‘Man ki Baat’ seriously and PM Narendra Modi is able to convey the message to the masses. Man ki Baat is making people to share their grievances, complaints to the PM Modi and PM Modi is also taking them seriously and addressing in timely manner.
An 11 year-old boy shared his Man Ki Baat to the PM Narendra Modi mentioning the problem faced by him due to absence of a crossing at the railways tracks between his locality and the school. Due to the absence of Crossing he had to take a longer route to reach his school daily. People from his locality is also facing the same story. Apart from this regular accidents happening at this place.
”Accidents keep happening near the railway track. We face problems while going to school in absence of crossing,” he said.
Railways informed Nayan Sinha that state government permission is required to construct a railway crossing or over bridge to resolve his problem
This is not the first time people seeking PM Modi intervention to solve their day to day problem. Some time back a 8-year-old boy from Bengluru, also wrote a letter to PM Modi to solve his problem and he also got a positive response in timely manner form PMO.
In a letter to PM Modi Abhinav narrated how he is facing problems due to a under construction Fly over across the railway gate. Abhinav,a third standard student from National Public School, Yeswantpur wrote letter with the help of his Grand Father.
A Kolkata court pronounced the sentences in sensational and brutal Kamduni gangrape case.
A Kolkata court handed capital punishment to Aminul Ali, Saiful Ali and Ansar Ali while Imanul Islam and Aminul Islam were sentenced to life imprisonment for the gangrape and brutal murder of the woman on June 7, 2013.
Saiful Ali, Ansar Ali and Aminul Ali were found guilty under sections 376(d) (gangrape), 302 (murder), 376A (inflicting injury which causes death of a woman) and 120B (criminal conspiracy) of IPC.
Two accused – Rafiqul Islam and Nur Ali were acquitted due to lack of evidence.
According to a report in The Telegraph Newspaper additional session judge
Was shocked seeing that Noor’s name was omitted from the first chargesheet.
Another accused Gopal Naskar died during trial in August last year.
Ansar Ali one of the accused threaten the relatives of the victim.
” Ami toke dekhe nebo (I will settle scores with you),” Ansar shouted at the victim’s brother.According to the girls’s family Ansar Ali is the key accused but CID projected Saiful Ali as the main accused.
The gang-rape and brutal murder of the 21-year-old college girl occurred when she was returning home at Kamduni, about 50km from Kolkata, in North 24-Parganas district after appearing for an examination at her college on June 7, 2013.
The second year BA student was pulled into a farm when she was walking back home along a deserted road after alighting from a bus.
She was gang-raped and gruesomely murdered subsequently
Muslims women groups demanded that they should be allowed to enter into Haji Ali Dargah in Mumbai. Muslim women stages a protest on 28 January regarding this demand. A report has been published in Times of India regarding this.
According to Muslim women male patriarchy is responsible for imposing restriction on women.
“I am an Islamic scholar and nowhere in Islam is it said that women cannot go to graveyards. This is the dictum of the prophet. When Islam has not excluded women, then why should male patriarchy dominate. Male patriarchy is dominating the Hindus, Male patriarchy is dominating the Muslims,”– Professor of Islamic studies Zeenat Shaukat Ali
The Bharatiya Muslim Mahila Andolan (BMMA) has filed a petition in the Bombay high court seeking a ruling that the ban is unconstitutional.
According to the the Haji Ali Dargah trust it was a “grievous sin” as per Islam for women to be in close proximity of the grave of a male Muslim saint.
According to journal Nature,A Computer System built by Google defeated the European champion Fan Hui, in Ancient Chinese board game Go. This is a major breakthrough in the area of artificial intelligence (AI) research.
The Google system, named AlphaGo defeated Fan Hui in a five-game match at the Google DeepMind office in London in October.
Google is planning to put AlphaGo up against the highest-ranked Go player, South Korea’s Lee Sedol, at a match in Seoul in March.
“This is the first time that a computer program has defeated a human professional player in the full-sized game of Go, a feat previously thought to be at least a decade away.” – Nature
“If we win the match in March, then that’s sort of the equivalent of beating [Garry] Kasparov in chess,” said Demis Hassabis, cofounder of Google-owned DeepMind, during a press briefing on the research earlier this week. “Lee Sedol is the greatest player of the past decade. I think that would mean AlphaGo would be better than any human at playing Go.”
Go is a board game invented in China more than 2,500 years ago. In this game 19 horizontal and 19 vertical lines forms a grid and players place black and white stones alternately.
“Go is the most complex and beautiful game ever devised by humans,” Demis Hassabis, head of the Google team, and himself an avid Go player, said at a press briefing. By beating Fan Hui, he added, “our program achieved one of the long-standing grand challenges of AI.”
Supreme Court scolded bluntly Congress for not paying requisite court fee in full and using incorrect fonts in the petition filed by the Party to challenging the decision of imposing President Rule in Arunchal Pradesh.
However, Justice Khehar reprimanded Congress for not paying the requisite court fee in full while filing the petition. There was a shortfall of Rs. 800 in the court fee paid to the Supreme Court Registry.
Justice Khehar said there were a lot of other “defects” in the petiton filed by Bamang Felix, Chief Whip of the Congress Legislative Party of Arunachal Pradesh.
The Congress party side saw a whole array of top lawyers present in court, including senior advocates Fali Nariman, Kapil Sibal and Vivek Tankha.
Justice Khehar said “the Registry has raised a lot of objections. You have paid less court fee. You have to pay Rs. 800 more…”
Justice Khehar further said “ Children are just saying… please look into this… when you file urgent matters like this, ensure that you pay court fee in full”.
Congress Party challenged the constitutionality of the Union Cabinet recommendation and subsequent imposition of President’s Rule in Arunachal Pradesh ruled by the Congress party.
Supreme Court accepted the petition and forwarded it to a five-judge Constitution Bench.
Israel’s Electricity Authority had been attacked by unidentified hackers in a “severe cyber-attack” by unidentified hackers.
This has been revealed by National Infrastructure, Energy and Water Resources Minister of Isreal Yuval Steinitz on Tuesday. Steinitz was speaking at two day CyberTech 2016 Conference in Tel Aviv. Hundreds of international delegations were attending the CyberTech 2016 Conference.
“Yesterday we identified one of the largest cyber-attacks that we have experienced,” Steinitz said at the CyberTech 2016 conference at the Tel Aviv Trade Fair and Convention Center.
Attack has been thwarted by the Israel’s Electricity Authority with the help of National Cyber Bureau of Isreal.
Energy Minister Steinitz says Israeli electric authority succeeded in mitigating attack by shutting down systems to prevent virus from spreading.
Affected systems has been shut down for two days to prevent virus from spreading.
“The virus was already identified and the right software was already prepared to neutralize it. We had to paralyze many of the computers of the Israeli electricity authorities. We are handling the situation and I hope that soon, this very serious event will be over” Isreal Yuval Steinitz
President Pranab Mukherjee has accepted the recommendation of the Union Cabinet to impose President’s rule in Arunchal Pradesh after meeting with Union Home Minister Sh. Rajath Singh.
The Union Cabinet on Sunday had recommended President’s rule in Arunachal Pradesh and it was sent to Pranab Mukherjee for his approval.
Congress party challenged the constitutional validity of the decision in the Supreme Court.
The matter has been posted for urgent hearing on January 27.
Former British PM Clement Atlee had said that the role played by Netaji’s Indian National Army was significant in India becoming independent and non-violent movement led by Mahatama Gandhi had minimal effect.A report published in Mail Today regarding this.
These claims have been made by military historian General GD Bakshi in his yet-to be-published book – Bose: An Indian Samurai.
Clement Atlee was the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1945 to 1951 and had signed the decision to grant independence to India.
Bakshi has reportedly cited a conversation between Atlee and then Governor of West Bengal Justice PB Chakraborty in 1956.
This claim is based on a conversation between Atlee and then Governor of West Bengal Justice PB Chakraborty in 1956. Chakraborty was the then Chief Justice of the Calcutta High Court and was serving as the acting Governor of West Bengal.
As per the report, he had written a letter to the publisher of RC Majumdar’s book – A History of Bengal.
The website quotes him as follows – “When I was acting governor, Lord Attlee, who had given us independence by withdrawing British rule from India, spent two days in the governor’s palace at Calcutta during his tour of India. At that time I had a prolonged discussion with him regarding the real factors that had led the British to quit India. My direct question to Attlee was that since Gandhi’s Quit India Movement had tapered off quite some time ago and in 1947 no such new compelling situation had arisen that would necessitate a hasty British departure, why did they had to leave? In his reply Attlee cited several reasons, the main among them being the erosion of loyalty to the British crown among the Indian Army and Navy personnel as a result of the military activities of Netaji.”
He is further quoted as thus – “Toward the end of our discussion I asked Attlee what was the extent of Gandhi’s influence upon the British decision to leave India. Hearing this question, Attlee’s lips became twisted in a sarcastic smile as he slowly chewed out the word, ‘m-i-n-i-m-a-l’.”
The above conversation was first published by the Institute of Historical Review by author Ranjan Borra in 1982.
Eight suspected terrorists have entered in Uttara Khand and one of the terrorist was found moving in an unspecified area in Dehradun late Monday night.Police got the information of the terrorists through a video clip.Police released a photograph of the suspect.
“There is a group of eight men moving in the region. One (of them) was seen in Dehradun late Monday night,” said Uttara Khand director general of police BS Sidhu.
He was speaking after flag hoisting ceremony at the state police headquarters in Dehradun during Republic Day celebrations.
Police have been put on high alert and an intensive hunt has been launched to nab him.
Prime Minister Narendra Modi, As per his promise, on Saturday made public digital copies of 100 secret files relating to Subhash Chandra Bose on his 119th birth anniversary.
These files will surely help to solve the mystery over Netaji death.
The files were declassified and put on digital display at the National Archives of India (NAI) here by the Prime Minister. Union ministers Mahesh Sharma, Babul Supriyo and family members of Netaji were present on this occasion.
Spokesperson of the Bose family and grand-nephew of Subhash Chandra Bose expressed his happiness and said “we welcome this step by Prime Minister wholeheartedly. This is a day of transparency in India.”
Modi and his Cabinet colleague read declassified files over half an hour.Modi also interacted with members of the Bose family.
The NAI plans to release to the public, every month, digital copies of 25 declassified files.
In October last year, the Prime Minister met the family members of Netaji and announced that the government would declassify the files relating to the leader whose disappearance 70 years ago remains a mystery.
Nayantara Sahgal has agreed to take back Sahitya Akademi award that she returned months back on the issue of so called “Growing Intolerance.” In India after people Modi become Prime minister of India after defeating Congress Party.
Nayantara Sahgal, told the Hindustan Times that, “The Akademi wrote a letter to me saying it is against their policy to receive returned award and therefore they are sending back the award. I will use the money for a worthwhile cause and welfare schemes.”
Tajikistan, a Muslim-majority country, started a campaign to stop Islamic radicalization and promote secularism in the country. Authorities forcibly shaved nearly 13,000 men’s beards and closed 60 shops that were selling Muslim clothing. This has been reported by Al Jazeera.
As per some reports more than 2,000 Tajiks are fighting in Syria. Tajikistan shares its border with Afghanistan. Tajikistan’s secular leadership has long sought to prevent radical traditions from neighboring Afghanistan from contaminating its country.
Bahrom Sharifzoda, police chief in the province of Khatlon, held a press conference on Tuesday to declare the campaign’s successes during 2015.
More than 150 shops selling hijab were also shut down, 89 hijab-wearing prostitutes arrested and 1,773 women and girls “convinced” that they should not wear Islamic headwear considered alien to the country, Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty said.
Women and girls ordered to stop wearing headscarves.
Tajikistan is a secular state but in 2009 Sunni Islam of the Hanafi school has been officially recognized by the government. 98% population is follows Islam in Tajikistan.
Government has already banned Muslim organization named Hizb ut-Tahrir. Hizb ut-Tahrir advocates unification of Tajiks under one Islamic state.
Commander of the Iranian Revolutionary Guard Corps Maj. Gen. Mohammad Ali Jafari said that Isreal and Saudi Arabia are working together against Iran. According to a news report by Fars News Agency Maj. Gen. Mohammad Ali Jafari accused Saudi Arabia of acting as Israel’s proxy.
He warned Saudi Arabia that Iran is ready to give “Crushing response” for
“Today, the enemies have resorted to proxy wars and using other Muslim world capacities, instead of direct confrontation, against the Islamic Revolution and its example can be seen in what Saudi Arabia is doing.Today, the al-Saud has turned into a defense shield for the Zionists” : Commander of the Iranian Revolutionary Guard Corps Maj. Gen. Mohammad Ali Jafari
He warned Saudi Arabia that Iran is ready to give “Crushing response”.
He termed the ruling Al Saud family as “the defensive shield of the Zionists.”
Fars News Agency is Iran’s leading independent news agency.
The Economic Survey for 2014-15 forecasts around 8.5% growth in FY16 for India, which would make it one of the fastest growing economies, surpassing China. The survey emphasizes more on the small effective policies which can have impact in the long–run as opposed to any “Big-Bang” reforms. The government should shift its spending from public consumption to public investment which can trigger private investment. The survey lays down roadmap to kickstart stalled projects worth Rs. 8.8 Lakh crores including converting Land Ordinance into the Bill to boost investor’s confidence and lowering Debt-overhang plaguing the private sector.
The survey forecasts inflation of 5-5.5% and Current Account Deficit to be at 1%, suggesting headroom for the RBI to ease the monetary policy in the short-run in the light of declining global oil prices. However the government needs to be cautious in its spending as the Survey advises fiscal consolidation and targeting Fiscal deficit of 3% of GDP by 2017-18.The Government needs to control expenditure and eliminate subsidy leakages. To eliminate subsidy leakages and ensure efficient delivery of public resources to the needy, the government will use the Jan-Dhan Yojana, Aadhar and Mobile Banking for Cash-Based transfer.
To boost the “Make-In-India” programme of the government, the survey advocates special subsidies to SEZs, lowering corporate taxes and removing the negative protectionism surrounding the industry. To boost agricultural sector, the survey suggests investing in technology and irrigation systems along with liberalizing agricultural markets and opening them to the private sector. Foreign investment (FDI) in Retail infrastructure like warehousing and cold storage can fill infrastructure deficit which results in supply chain inefficiencies. Eliminating middlemen will also help lower prices for consumers and raising prices for farmers. The government should aim to establish a unified agricultural market to deal with price fluctuations and demand-supply imbalances.
Meanwhile, the government will have to tackle some of the challenges including low employment growth, enacting the GST legislation and passing the Land Amendment Bill in the near future to put the growth on track.
The hill tracts of the Mizoram-Tripura border have always been the same as long as one could remember. Roads are hard to find even under the clear skies of late summer. Earlier this year, monsoon rains in July had flooded the forest paths and rendered the territory almost inaccessible. But Bru refugees from Mizoram have been streaming into refugee camps in North Tripura District since 1997, after a conflict with the majority Mizos over land possession.
Divided and dispersed
Over eleven thousand Bru refugees currently live in six refugee camps in North Tripura district. Scarce amenities mark their lives as they refuse government initiatives to be repatriated. They say the government has not fulfilled the promises of proper rehabilitation to the returned Brus. Committees representing the refugees have also been known to discourage and even obstruct the camp inmates to return to their homeland.
The immediate cause of this self-imposed exile was the killing of a Mizo Forest Officer by miscreants which provoked retaliation by the Mizos. The Brus also argue that the demand for an Autonomous District Council raised by their community was resisted by the majority Mizos. Long held grievances between the two communities sprang out into the open and the Brus started crossing over into neighboring Tripura to look for safer sanctuaries. There were more than 30,000 Bru refugees living in the camps located in Kanchanpur sub-division of North Tripura a decade ago.
The Bru, primarily an agrarian community is the second largest tribe in Tripura. They are spread across the states of Mizoram, Assam, Manipur and Bangladesh. They practice jhum cultivation, worship Vishnu and maintain little contact with the majority Bengali people in Tripura.
The Brus are an ethno-linguistic minority in their native Tripura and in their adopted homes in other parts of North East India. Their history is thus an account of dispersion and division. The dislocation suffered by the Brus has from time to time given rise to demands for self-determination. These demands have sometimes taken violent forms. The Bru National Liberation Front (BNLF) was formed in 1997 after the clashes with Mizos that sparked the mass displacement to Tripura. Bru militants are still active and a trader was abducted from the Assam-Mizoram border by the militants only last month.
On the other hand, fear of total marginalization led the Brus to raise the demand for an Autonomous District Council in Mizoram in 1997. But the resistance showed by the ethnic Mizos only added to the growing suspicion of the Brus. Then the long-winded exodus followed.
The flipside of the lived experience of the Brus is that they are insecure even in their native Tripura. They fled Mizoram to avoid suppression of their legitimate demands and camped in Tripura where they have no constitutional safeguards to guarantee their rights. Their sociological location in Tripura is not very different from that of Mizoram.
The ballot comes home
The coming Assembly elections in Mizoram have pushed the state administration once again to convince the Brus to return home.
A team comprising officials from the Election Commission and Mizoram poll administrators recently visited the refugee camps in Tripura after the displaced Brus were identified as eligible to vote in the Mizoram Assembly polls. Elections are supposed to be held at the site of the refugee camps according to government officials. The relocation of the ballot to the site of displacement camps is in sync with the displaced people’s marginal location. The ballot has come home for the refugees. They refuse to be repatriated but the government is equally headstrong to ensure the displaced people do not fall outside the electorate.
Skeptics can brush aside this initiative of the Mizoram government as political gimmickry to appease the Brus and other minority communities in Mizoram. But this step will prevent the displaced Brus from being further marginalized. Bringing the ballot home to the Brus will ensure that they would have a say in governance and preserve their right to choose their representatives even while living outside the politico-geographical boundaries of the state.
The interesting thing is that while the entire country goes for the more reliable Electronic Voting Machine (EVM) this time, the Brus will stick to the ballot paper while voting in their temporary home. Nearly 11,311 internally displaced Brus are preparing to cast their vote in the Mizoram Assembly polls.
Come December. How far will the Mizoram government succeed in preventing a displaced people from being disenfranchised?
“I can’t stress enough why women’s political participation is important,” Ms. Bachelet said. “It is, of course, because it’s the right thing to do, because it will create better democracies…” Ms. Michelle Bachelet is a Chilean Social Democrat Politician who served as President of Chile from 2006-2010. “For me, a better democracy is a democracy where women do not only have the right to vote and to elect but to be elected”, she adds. As observed by Philips Ann and Rai M. Shirin that Democracy has historically served men better than women.
Women have been kept outside the domain of politics and this view is celebrated and cemented by political philosophers such as Plato, Aristotle, Thomas Hobbes simply because women possessed a caring nature which is suitable for being mothers and wives. The ringing question is doesn’t today’s democracy need precisely this caring attitude in politics? And hasn’t this care and affection, or ‘the feminine factor’, mingled with discretion has placed female political leaders at the apex of political glory? But the small amount of women who are able to access this route and also the stereotypes attached to a female leader is alarming.
There are presently 8 women Presidents, 10 women Prime Ministers, And 1 women chancellor in the world. The talk of the credibility of the women in power would leave everyone awestruck. Women from time to time have been successful in making crucial decisions with pragmatism and discretion in the history of world politics. India as a country is as richer in biases as much in culture. The concluding statement of IPU conference “Towards Partnership between Men and Women in politics” held in New Delhi in February 1999 was highlighted by nearly all male and female delegates present. It stated that allthough the Constitution of their country provided for equality between men and women, there is a vast difference between theory and praxis. “Women’spolitical power is increasing, still not equal “ stated one of the member of the Nordic country in the conference.
The diligence of women in political affair have been proved but still not approved. The lineage of this diligence in India can be traced back to the Mughal Period. Noor Jehan, the wife of emperor Jehangir. She had her mastery over poetry, jewellery and garment designing and had an appreciative eye for art objects. Despite possessing the ‘feminine’ qualities of care and affection, one cannot fail to notice the political insight she had. When Jehangir was productively paralyzed because of alcohol and opium, Noor Jehan ran the court and firmly took all the decisions. Ministers consulted her on most matters of state and finance. In 1626 Jehangir was captured by rebels while he was travelling to Kashmir.Noor Jehan provided him release by her negotiating skills. She is believed to be the greatest power behind the Mughal throne.
The recent Muzaffarnagar riots became one of the prime examples to weigh the strategies of Mayawati and Akhilesh yadav. The Hindustan Times newspaper under the title “ Akhilesh cant, Mayawati can” reprimanded Akhilesh’s strategies as incompetent, flagging him as a “failure” with the killing of 35 people in the communal riots. It’s been well stated that the riot was foretold but failed to be stopped. How did Mayawati control it for 5 years under the same machinery? The answer is Mayawati’s clarity of thoughts and leaving no loopholes of confusion making it a successful strategy as the lack of proper communication, because of many interventions, is the reason behind Akhilesh’s failure. The distribution of works under Mayawati’s time period was more systematic giving the machinery a coherent structure which failed with Akhilesh.
Zooming out, the world is full of examples of powerful women leaders with strategic chorence, delicacy of attitude, organized decision making skills and prudent thinking. Angela Markel, A German politician is elected as the Chancellor of Germany third time in a row. Her careful techniques is well appreciated and hence she holds great faith within the Germans. She has been successful in controlling Euro crisis to some extent. After the nuclear disaster at Fukoshima she shut down all the nuclear power plants in the country. With the care and concern of human lives it also had a strategic plan of eliminating her opposition The Green Party who opposed nuclear power. Joining Ms. Merkel are many names such as Margaret Thatcher, Condoleezza Rice et al, all outstanding when it comes to politics.
To observe is that women who participate and shine in politics are not necessarily single.In the IPU survey of Women’s Political experience and their Contribution to the Democratic Process, done with a total of 187 women of 35 different countries, 60% were married, a close proportion were either single or divorced , and a small proportion were widowed. Although the vices of power and the greed for money is not absent from women leaders and this becomes evident in some cases but the point here is that the qualities of care and affection on which grounds the earlier philosophers rejected women in politics are precisely was is needed to re-orient the otherwise dissembled state of current politics. And there are many women leaders who can mingle this care and affection with the prudence of mind and such women should be given a free route to change the face of poilitics.
The turf war between the former Army Chief General V K Singh and the government has been dragged into the Supreme Court with the General earning the wrath of the apex court over a comment he made against Supreme Court’s judgment regarding his age. As people’s faith in state institutions crumble, the Army now finds itself staring at scepticism regarding its own integrity. This is the same force which had emerged as the ‘Most trustworthy’, ahead of media and Parliament in India Today Group-C Voter Youth poll which was conducted among first time voters in early September this year.
The Indian Army finds itself fighting two parallel battles. A protracted gunfight engages the Army with infiltrators at the Line of Control in the thickly forested Karen heights of Kashmir and the other embedded battle is the fight for its own integrity. Amidst this double assault comes the former Army Chief’s remark that the Technical Support Division (TSD) could have prevented the skirmishes near the Line of Control by infiltrators backed by elements in Pakistan.
The TSD is a brainchild of the former chief formed in May 2010 which was used to siphon off secret funds to destabilize the government in Jammu and Kashmir, according to a leaked internal army document. This secret army unit was disbanded immediately after General Singh stepped down as the Army Chief. But the former chief never went ahead to say how the TSD could have thwarted the frontier attacks. An exposition on the nuances could endanger security and the requisite secrecy but it could also shed light on how the TSD operated. This would have laid bare the abuse of his position as Army Chief by revealing the clandestine operations he conducted through the TSD, which according to the leaked army document reported directly to the chief bypassing standard procedures of reporting to the Director General of Military Intelligence (DGMI).
General V K Singh will perhaps be remembered in Army annals as the chief who took the government he served to court, lost and then incurred the wrath of the apex court and the judiciary.
This succession of events took place at the cost of the General’s reputation, honour and integrity-self-professed virtues that he sought to defend when he decided to take the government to court. But why was the General silent at the time when he became the Army Chief based on the same date of birth that he later sought to disown?
There are many more stories up the General’s sleeve. Allegations are rife that General V K Singh in his position as the army chief siphoned off funds meant for secret intelligence to fund politicians and interest groups in Kashmir, one of them being an NGO which was encouraged to file a Public Interest Litigation against the incumbent Army Chief General Bikram Singh,then a brigadier in Kashmir.
General V K Singh’s alleged attempts to scuttle the line of succession in the Army were prompted by his squabble with General Bikram Singh. But the former was just a player in the game of intrigue and vendetta welling up inside the Army. The Army top brass had been divided regarding the successor of General V K Singh. The pro-V K Singh camp responded with the General taking the government to court over his date of birth and hence his retirement age.
General Bikram Singh reacted by forming a Board of Inquiry (BoI) headed by the Director General of Military Operations (DGMO) which let out a can of worms that scoured the professional integrity of General V K Singh.
Now the former Army Chief’s war on the government seems to have been triggered by the schism within the Army. An internal conflict in the Army has spilled over into other realms of public life as the government and the judiciary are now locked in verbal combat with the former chief. It is like a festering sore that slowly infects the entire body-politic. The coherence in the Army, one of the few institutions in the country which still commands respect from citizens, is a thing of the past. General V K Singh’s gestures of defiance have only served to steel the government’s resolve to put the General to the sword. For the former Army Chief has only succeeded in politicizing himself while flouting the government. A common ground between the two sides seems far away but it will be in the best interests of everyone to arrive at a consensus and stop the regressive tactic of mud-slinging. Both sides have clung to their own politicized version of the story. This saga needs to be put to rest.
Movies have always been the most popular mode of entertainment in India. Every Friday there is buzz around cinema halls on a new release. According to the Central Film Board of India there were 1,288 feature films made in India in 2009 and 1,274 in 2010 but the number of art cinema films or better known as parallel cinema are still untraceable.
Parallel cinema known for its serious content, realism and depiction of social issues started in India way back in 1925 with V.Shantaram’s 1925 silent film classic ‘Savkari Pash’ as one of the earliest examples. The movement, initially led by Bengali cinema, began to take shape from the 1940s to 1960s – a period often referred to as the ‘Golden Age of Indian Cinema.’ Most films made during this period were funded by the State Governments with an aim of showcasing an authentic art genre.
In the 70s and 80s era the art cinema started widening its wings in Hindi cinema as well Shyam Benegal, Gulzar, Mahesh Bhatt the directors of this era, tried their hand at promoting realism in their own different styles while embracing certain conventions of popular cinema in some of their other ventures. Slowly in the 90s parallel cinema saw its decline phase, the Bollywood got dominated with typical melodrama embraces fight, dance and songs.
Although parallel cinema has the power to drive change in society, throwing light on the harsh reality of society has been the main aim of this genre but as mentioned above, the charm of drama, item numbers and fight cannot be pulled out from Indian audiences and thus it gave birth to new form of cinema which included social issues with Bollywood masala.
Movies like Dor, Gulaal, Udaan, Gangs of Wasseypur deal with some of the critical social issues but they have also included the entertainment factor which audiences demand. Today there is a vast difference between old and new parallel cinema. Directors Satyajt Ray, Bimal Roy and Guru Dutt started together a wave in Indian Cinema marked as the ‘Golden Period’. Now there are a few Indian directors trying to make impact. The current off-beat films, unlike the old parallel cinema, are less political and have little potential to create social impact. Due to more emphasis on business, movies are getting dominated by the commercial factor leading to fading point of parallel cinema.
Though there are some movies which have not compromised their content according to today’s scenario such as ‘The Ship of Theseus’ but at the end it is considered as an exceptional case. The question remains whether we are forgetting the essence of parallel cinema because of the influence of commercial factor in movies or whether we should blame ourselves for not appreciating the art cinema as a viewer?